There’s a bit of a debate on how best to update your DNS resolver on Mac OS X when connecting to an OpenVPN Server. For whatever reason, even if use DHCP on the VPN server, OS X won’t use the assigned DNS server(s). It’s been recommended to use scutil, but the scripts are crazy long and I’ve read the resolver order sometimes gets reset anyway.
The usual route of using /etc/resolv.conf does not work on OS X but specifying DNS servers in your Network Preferences does. If you use public network servers like 18.104.22.168 or 22.214.171.124, you’re already set. Move along :) But if you rely on DHCP assigned DNS servers, the the script below will do the trick. This script specifies or clears (sets back to DHCP default) the DNS servers on each of the adapters listed in networksetup.
# Set bash delimeter to be line break
# VPN DNS Server
# Get adapter list
adapters=`networksetup -listallnetworkservices |grep -v denotes`
for adapter in $adapters
echo updating dns for $adapter
dnssvr=(`networksetup -getdnsservers $adapter`)
if [ $dnssvr != $vpndns ]; then
# set dns server to the vpn dns server
networksetup -setdnsservers $adapter $vpndns
# revert back to DHCP assigned DNS Servers
networksetup -setdnsservers $adapter empty
Again, if you already set your DNS servers, your OpenVPN connection will use those. This script is effective for people who use DHCP assigned DNS servers by default and would like to tunnel their DNS requests when connecting to an OpenVPN server.